Which Forehand Stance is Best?

The following is an excerpt from the book The Fault Tolerant Forehand, which will be released on April 15th!

In the open stance, the feet are parallel with the net, and contact is made about an arm’s length away from where the hitting foot starts.

Stance is similar to grip – it doesn’t matter that much. With an open, semi-open, or neutral stance, a player can correctly turn away from the ball, prepare the hand, and then explosively rotate back towards the ball during the forward swing.

Many players will use different stances on different forehands throughout the match. It’s mostly a matter of personal preference; each player should determine what feels best for their particular body. That said, there are still some pitfalls to avoid when it comes to forehand stance.

Get the Hips Back Around

The fault tolerance of forehand contact is maximized when the hips square to the target. That means that if you initiate your swing from something like a neutral stance, in which your hips are pointed sideways during preparation, you need to ensure you get them rotated all the way back around by contact.

In a semi-open stance, the feet are set on a diagonal to the target, and body rotation is needed to reach the optimal contact point.

This is totally fine, of course – that hip rotation will generate lots of racket head speed. But always understand that the reason to use this neutral stance is so that you can perform that explosive hip rotation. If you have a habit of not rotating your hips as you swing, then if you prepare using a neutral stance, your hips will end up still sideways at contact, which greatly hampers the stroke’s fault tolerance. The best solution for this, of course, is to train yourself to lead your swing with hip rotation, but a good stop gap would be to temporarily switch to a fully open stance. With a fully open stance, when you don’t rotate your hips during the swing, your hips point at your target at contact.

Using Many Stances

Preparation exists to prepare for the forward swing. The forward swing you’ll want to attempt will vary based on the situation. You’ll want to use varying degrees of hip rotation on varying shots, and thus you should begin with varying stances.

In a neutral stance, the feet are set perpendicular to the net. The optimal contact point is far from the back foot’s initial placement, and therefore a lot of body rotation is required to reach it.

The important point here is that the feet are not what’s critical – what’s critical is where the hips are aligned. The hips have freedom to turn while the feet remain planted, but only so far. You can utilize hip rotation out of any stance, and you can fail to utilize hip rotation out of any stance. Stance, like grip, ultimately is a matter of personal comfort. Just ensure that whatever stance you choose, your hips are square to your target by the time you reach contact.

A Warning About the Closed Stance

Earlier, I mentioned that the open, semi-open, and neutral stances are all fine when it comes to forehand stance preparation. What I didn’t include was the closed stance. That’s because it’s quite difficult to get the hips all the way around from a closed stance. It’s doable – if you drive hard off of your hitting leg’s glute and allow that hitting leg to follow-through around your body, you can get your hips around, but this isn’t a very natural feeling motion and, for most players, should be avoided.

In a closed stance, the back foot is behind the front front foot, relative to the trunk. So much rotation is needed to reach optimal contact that this stance is not recommended for the modern forehand.

Most players who play the forehand with a closed stance don’t do it because they want extra space to whip their hips around; instead, they just leave their hips under-rotated during contact and thereby destroy their stroke’s fault tolerance. Instead of trying to coach these students to use their hips more, it’s probably better to start by having them play the forehand from a neutral stance instead.

One area in which the closed stance does excel is balance – it’s a stance from which it’s very natural to sit low and remain stable. This makes it a viable option on low forehands, but, again, ensure that the hips get back around to the net by contact. Your back foot’s follow-through provides a good indicator of how well you’re rotating your hips out of a closed stance – if it follows-through around your body after the stroke, resulting in you ending in an open stance, you’re probably getting sufficient rotation on your swing.


  1. Anonymous
    April 2, 2021

    Fix the first figure. The first one is showing a backhanded placement.

    1. Johnny (FTF)
      April 23, 2021

      All the figures use a reference contact for a right-handed player, striking a forehand, the first figure included.

  2. Honor Gedda
    February 7, 2023

    What if your hips don’t rotate very much at all in an open stance? Is this a rotation of hips and feet while in an open stance? I know you say the feet don’t matter but I am buckling my knees if I simply try to rotate my hips with my feet pointing forward? So an open stance hip/feet rotation prep to open pointing forward feet? Thanks ! What about trunk mobility? I can turn my whole trunk just about facing back with my feet pointed forward but not my hips. Swimmer? Dunno, know it’s 50 cm and average high is 20 cm for trunk rotation measurement.

    1. Johnny (FTF)
      February 9, 2023

      Most players still turn their hips away from the ball when in an open stance. In some situations, you’ll just turn your upper body, but typically, you’ll turn your hips, and often your feet, to the side, even though your stance is still square to the net.

      There’s no right or wrong answer here. However much you want to turn away your trunk and hips, just make sure you turn back as you swing. The correct amount of coil+unwind varies from player to player, and from situation to situation.


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